- Core Competency Survey 2016
- For New Authors
- Discussion Forum
Wednesday, 29 March
Full day with Lunch
The tour includes transportation to and from the Kempinski Hotel Beijing Lufthansa Center
One of the wonders of the world, and the only man-made structure that can be seen from the moon, the Great Wall is an early testimony of the human power to build in the harshest of terrains. As you stand on the top tower and look at the wall snaking its way across the tops of the mountains, close your eyes for a moment and see in your mind's eye the ancient armies locked in combat, and hear the whistle of arrows and the clang of striking swords. It is a place to reflect upon the past the wonder about the future.
The Chinese name for the Great Wall is Wan Li Chang Cheng, or "the Long Wall of Ten Thousand Li." The first sections were built as early as the fifth century B.C. when a number of Chinese states in the north were fighting against each other and occasionally against the northern "barbarian". It was not until the unification of the empire under Qin Shi Huang Di in B.C. 221 that the various sections of the Wall were linked up. It is said that more than 300,000 men worked for ten years to complete it. The wall has a pounded earth interior with stone facing walls and stone roadway along the top. It was built wide enough to allow a brace of five horses to gallop between the battlements and was thus used to convey soldiers, arms, and food with great speed to various parts of the northern frontier.
From the sixth century to the fourteenth the wall abandoned and fell into disuse but after the Mongols took China and were repulsed eventually by the Ming in 1368. the emperor decided to rebuild the wall. The rebuilding and restoration continued up until the sixteenth century. However, when the Manchu armies captured China and the Qing Dynasty ruled (1644 - 1911), the wall was again abandoned and fell into ruin. It has now been restored at three famous passes and you may visit one of them, Badaling, located about 40 miles from Beijing.